The hottest foreign media China's research and dev

2022-07-30
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Foreign media: China's research and development of large unmanned submarines drew attention to the fact that they can fight independently against the US Army. On July 24, the South China Morning Post in Hong Kong published an article entitled "Chinese military develops robotic submarines to open a new era of maritime power" by chenbinglin on July 23

scientists involved in relevant artificial intelligence projects say that China is developing relatively low-cost large-scale intelligent unmanned submarines, which can roam the world's oceans for reconnaissance, mine deployment or suicide attacks against enemy ships

it is expected that this kind of robot submarine will be put into use in the early 1920s. Although they will not completely replace manned submarines, they will challenge the dominant position of western maritime powers after World War II. The researchers said that the robot submarine is especially aimed at the US military stationed in strategic waters such as the South China Sea and the Western Pacific Ocean

the project is part of the ambitious plan of the Chinese government to use artificial intelligence technology to strengthen its maritime strength. China has built the world's largest testing facility for surface unmanned ships in Zhuhai, Guangdong Province. Military researchers are also developing a support system assisted by artificial intelligence for submarine commanders. Earlier this year, the South China Morning Post reported that the system would help submarine commanders make accurate judgments faster at the time of the most intense combat situation

the researchers say that the new unmanned submarine will cooperate with other automatic or manned military systems in the sea, land and air to perform various tasks

there are no human operators on this submarine. They will travel independently, complete tasks and return to the base. They may establish regular contact with ground headquarters for updating and upgrading. But according to the design, they can complete the task without human intervention

but researchers say that AI submarines have limitations, especially in the early stages of deployment. They will begin by performing relatively simple tasks. The aim of these projects is not to completely replace the human crew. The final decision on whether to launch an attack remains in the hands of the commander, the researchers said

at present, most of the dimensions of unmanned underwater vehicles are relatively small. Another ship or submarine is required to deploy and recover them. They are limited in scope of operation and payload capacity

researchers say that the submarines under development powered by artificial intelligence are "giants" compared with conventional unmanned submersibles. They are stationed at the dock as conventional submarines. The key is graphene supercapacitors. Their cargo holds can be reconstructed and large enough to accommodate powerful reconnaissance equipment, missiles, mines and other goods. Their energy supply comes from diesel electric engines or other power sources to ensure continuous operation for months

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data picture: the tentative picture of China's large unmanned submarine drawn by youyou. (picture from the Internet)

this kind of robot submarine relies heavily on artificial intelligence to cope with the complex environment at sea. They must constantly make their own decisions: changing routes and depths to avoid detection, distinguishing between civilian and military vessels, and choosing the best way to reach the designated location

they can collect intelligence, deploy mines or station at geographical "key points" that the armed forces must pass through to ambush the enemy. They can cooperate with manned submarines and act as Scouts or decoys to attract fire and expose the enemy's position. If necessary, they can hit high-value targets

Linyang, director of the offshore technology equipment project of Shenyang Institute of automation, Chinese Academy of Sciences, confirmed that China is developing a series of super large unmanned submersibles

he said, "yes, we are doing this."

the Institute is the main institution that manufactures submarines for the Chinese military. Lin has developed China's first automated submersible with an operating depth of more than 6 kilometers. He is now the chief scientist of the 912 project. Project 912 is a confidential project. Its purpose is to develop a new generation of military underwater robots before the 100th anniversary of the founding of the Communist Party of China in 2021

Lin said that China's unmanned submarine project is a counter measure against similar US weapons. Now in the United States, unmanned submarines are also in the stage of intensive development. Due to the "sensitivity" of the relevant information, he was reluctant to explain the technical details in detail

he added: "these will be announced sooner or later, but not now."

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data picture: US Navy "Manta" (Manta Ray) large unmanned submersible. (picture from the Internet)

[extended reading] American media listed five major issues that aircraft carriers need to worry about in the future. Unmanned submarines ranked first.

reference news on September 27, the bimonthly issue of the US national interest published an article entitled "five reasons why US nuclear powered aircraft carriers are not stronger than old warships" by Robert Farley, a senior lecturer at the Paterson School of foreign affairs and international business at the University of Kentucky, on September 24

we know how to destroy aircraft carriers. Submarine launched torpedoes, cruise missiles and ballistic missiles launched from various platforms can all deal a serious blow to aircraft carriers. Of course, modern aircraft carriers have ways to protect themselves from all these attacks

but what about the future? Here are five issues that the new generation of aircraft carrier designers need to worry about

for a long time, submarines have been a fatal threat to aircraft carriers. Unmanned submarines can wait on the approach route of the aircraft carrier until they find the aircraft carrier before launching an attack. Submarines that carry a small number of weapons and operate automatically according to preset conditions may cause serious problems for future aircraft carriers

collateral attack aircraft carrier is a particularly complex combat system, which is composed of multiple systems. However, any enemy may take measures to interfere with and damage the computer system of the network

the network attack against the aircraft carrier can effectively make the aircraft carrier "blind", making it difficult for the aircraft carrier and its carrier aircraft to perform their tasks. Network attacks can also locate aircraft carriers, making them vulnerable to missile attacks and submarine attacks. In extreme cases, network attacks can disable critical systems, making the aircraft carrier unable to defend itself

UAVs autonomous UAVs - capable of using standoff weapons and short-range attack weapons - have the flexibility to overcome air defense networks, and they do not need to worry about the survival of pilots. They can launch weapons at different ranges, then approach the target, and use themselves to cause fatal damage to the aircraft carrier

hypersonic weapons China, Russia and the United States have all paid great attention to hypersonic weapons. Hypersonic weapons, like ballistic missiles, pose a threat in many ways. However, unlike ballistic missiles, hypersonic weapons can approach the target from the trajectory, which makes it difficult for defense weapons to attack them. They combine the most lethal aspects of ballistic and cruise missiles. Inertia alone can cause enough damage to an aircraft carrier

orbital bombing aircraft carriers are not inherently invisible. However, the usefulness of aircraft carriers comes from their mobility. Aircraft carriers can use their mobility to take advantage of the gap between the surveillance (reconnaissance system) and the shooter (distant weapon system)

but the orbital bombing system (nicknamed "the rod of God") can solve this problem. Satellites equipped with tungsten rods or any other kind of kinetic energy weapon can simultaneously identify aircraft carriers and attack them, either sink an aircraft carrier or paralyze it

aircraft carrier is a tool to show geopolitical influence. As long as they can play this role, countries will find ways to eliminate them. Facts have proved that the aircraft carrier of this summit is very flexible, and it is expected to continue to operate until the second half of the 21st century. Aircraft carriers will no longer have sufficient attack capability, which is needed to justify their vulnerability. Of course, it is not clear when this day will come

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data picture: "the rod of God" day microcomputer controlled electro-hydraulic servo horizontal tensile testing machine adopts our company's mature universal testing machine technology based on the imagination of kinetic energy strike system. (the picture comes from the Internet)

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[extended reading] the U.S. military spent $3billion to develop unmanned submarines: it can last for several years

reference news on November 29, foreign media said that the U.S. Department of defense plans to spend $3billion to develop unmanned submarines

according to the Russian satellite on November 27, the plan is temporarily in the research stage, but engineers have made improved technology, which can solve a series of problems of the underwater automatic navigation system, including the effects of salt water and pressure

in addition, there are certain restrictions on underwater command transmission, so future unmanned submarines will be able to sail as usual without remote management. At present, the prototype of unmanned submarine can sail underwater for several weeks

the report quoted a US military official as saying: "the purpose is to establish a system that enables submarines to sail underwater for months and eventually for years."

the report also pointed out that both Russia and China are investing in upgrading their submarines. The unmanned submarine program of the Pentagon has advantages because it adopts the latest technology and uses the automatic navigation system. In modern warfare, unmanned aerial vehicles have begun to play an important role. Now the US military plans to use "unmanned submarines" to patrol the sea

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data figure: testing of U.S. underwater robots

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[extended reading] Chinese Navy warships live fire drill in the South China Sea UAV support array

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"boom... Boom... Boom!" In a certain area of the South China Sea, accompanied by rumbling noise and bursts of gunsmoke, several warships on the sea formed a battle formation, and the main and auxiliary guns weaved powerful firepower to successfully destroy the air attack targets. This is the scene of a destroyer detachment of the South China Sea Fleet organizing a live combat drill recently. The picture shows the Zhuhai ship's salvo rocket deep bomb. Photographed by wukangci

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Yulin ship launched jamming bombs to avoid. Photo by tanglulu

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the UAV takes off to take real-time photos of the attack effect. Photographed by wukangci

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Guangzhou ship launched jamming bomb. Photographed by wukangci

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Guangzhou ship launched jamming bomb. Wukangci's photo

how to use the friction and wear testing machine is as follows: click the picture to go to the next page

Yulin ship's auxiliary gun fires. Photo by tanglulu

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Guangzhou ship launched jamming bombs to avoid. Photo taken by tanglulu

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formation to fish through and turn. Photographed by wukangci

the rocket launched by the Guangzhou ship went deep into the water and exploded. Photo by wukangci

the high-speed target plane took off from the Yulin ship. Photo by tanglulu

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