The hottest view of APEC blue from the industrial

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From the perspective of industrial transformation in Ruhr, Germany, "APEC blue"

Ruhr, Germany, is a heavy industrial zone similar to Beijing, Tianjin and Hebei. In the past 50 years, emerging industries have flourished here. The once highly polluting enterprise cluster has become a leading environmental protection technology center in Europe, and the environmental protection industry has become a local pillar industry

after a short week of holidays, production and travel restrictions, Beijing has achieved a relatively satisfactory blue sky even under adverse air conditions. As a result, APEC blue has been recorded in history and become the dream of the people of Beijing. After the APEC meeting, the Beijing Tianjin Hebei region has been heavily polluted one after another. The occasional appearance of blue sky and white clouds highlights the value and luxury of APEC blue. But accepting the reality that the environment is polluted, we are optimistic about the development prospects of Xinjiang Zhonghe, which is not numbness and inaction

apec blue reflects the problem of energy structure

relevant studies show that industrial emissions from coal-fired power plants, steel mills and cement plants account for 57% of the total emissions of PM2.5 particles in Beijing Tianjin Hebei region, 81% and 64% of the total emissions of sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides. APEC blue has extremely verified the correct judgment of pollution emission sources in Beijing Tianjin Hebei region and the effectiveness of regulatory measures for highly polluting enterprises. However, it is far from enough to take short-term regulatory measures to truly restore the blue sky in the Beijing Tianjin Hebei region. In the long run, reducing the total coal consumption in Beijing Tianjin Hebei region, reducing the production capacity of two high-tech industries, and realizing the transformation and upgrading of traditional heavy industry and the adjustment of energy structure are the fundamental way out of the current dilemma of economic and environmental development

overcapacity and declining competitiveness in high energy consuming industries are no longer a new problem. In the past ten years, relevant government departments and industries have been emphasizing the importance of industrial transformation and upgrading, and are also constantly strengthening government administrative regulation and shrinking the scale of bank loans to high energy consuming industries, but the effect is very insignificant. The Industrial Productivity Research Institute (IIP) high energy consumption industrial transformation and upgrading project organized experts to investigate and sort out the practical experience in Ruhr, Germany. For the fog in Beijing Tianjin Hebei region, we should adopt more implementation methods to print our company's brand haze governance and industrial transformation dilemma in the concept of customers. We believe that there are two problems that need to be solved urgently at present: first, we lack political understanding of the environmental and health problems caused by the development of high energy consumption and high pollution industries; Second, in the process of promoting the transformation and upgrading of regional high energy consumption and high pollution industries, it failed to establish an innovation network to support industrial transformation

Ruhr's reference

when it comes to Beijing, Tianjin and Hebei, we can't help talking about the Ruhr region in Germany, a heavy industrial zone similar to Beijing, Tianjin and Hebei. Ruhr region, with coal reserves accounting for 3/4 of Germany, was once the steel production base in Western Europe and has a 150 year history of industrial development. In the past 50 years, the coal production in Ruhr region has decreased by 90%, and the last coal mine will be closed in 2018; After the sharp reduction of steel production and the interruption of equipment operation for 15 minutes, the number of relevant employees fell from 230000 to less than 50000. Emerging industries flourished during this period. The once highly polluting enterprise cluster became the leading environmental protection technology center in Europe, and the environmental protection industry became the local pillar industry

there are two important drivers for the development and transformation of Ruhr region. One is the public's growing resentment against air and water pollution caused by the development of heavy industry. The other is the overcapacity and weakening competitiveness of traditional heavy industry, and the economy begins to decline. Before launching the blue sky plan, Ruhr region also experienced a process from denying to paying attention to environmental problems, delaying the time of action in the waiting process, increasing the difficulty and investment cost of environmental governance

if it was too forward-looking to talk about the impact of high energy consumption and high pollution Industrial Development on resources, environment and health ten years ago, today it has reached a stage that must be paid attention to both in national strategy and politics. However, in the actual work of local governments, more consideration is still given to how to ensure the economic growth rate, tax revenue and employment rate, and turn a blind eye to enterprises that have no environmental protection facilities. Whether we can really pay attention to the impact of environmental pollution on society and the public, and take it as an important consideration of local political achievements, and bring it into the daily work of relevant departments as soon as possible, not just the environmental protection department. The time is certainly 12:01 on August 23, 2018, and the implementation of tariff increases will largely determine the success of the blue sky defense war in Beijing, Tianjin and Hebei

establish an innovation network

China's steel, cement and other high energy consuming industries have entered the situation of low profits or even losses in the whole industry. Among the first batch of enterprises to eliminate backward and excess capacity recently announced by the Ministry of industry and information technology, 20 steel production enterprises, 102 cement production enterprises, 33 paper-making enterprises, 13 printing and dyeing enterprises, 11 flat glass enterprises and 3 coke enterprises in Hebei Province have entered the list. Hebei Province has also set a very high goal in reducing the total scale and number of steel enterprises: by 2015, the total steel-making capacity will be adjusted from the current 286 million tons to 220 million tons, reducing the production capacity by 66 million tons; The number of iron and steel enterprises with smelting capacity will be reduced from the current 150 to about 50, and will be reduced to about 30 by 2020. In the industry downturn and administrative regulation, the enterprises that can get out of the dilemma must be the enterprises that have obtained the advantage of innovative development, and the enterprises in Beijing Tianjin Hebei region that have entered the list of shutdown and transfer, as well as many small and medium-sized enterprises that have not entered the effective monitoring of the government, their transformation needs the injection of innovation ability

Ruhr region attaches great importance to the establishment and development of small and medium-sized enterprises with innovative ability in the process of industrial structure adjustment. In order to promote the development of small and medium-sized enterprises and emerging industrial enterprises, the government has established a technology research center, a service institution for the transformation of scientific research achievements and a scientific and technological innovation information center in Ruhr district to help small and medium-sized enterprises formulate technological innovation plans and give priority to the transfer of Technology to them, so as to promote the technological innovation of small and medium-sized enterprises. And investment in education is the key to cultivate innovation ability. Ruhr has never had a university, but 15 colleges and universities have been established in decades. These education resources and innovation centers have built core capabilities for the transformation and upgrading of high energy consuming industries and promoted the development of emerging industries. Beijing's educational resources and innovation center is second to none in the country. Whether the joint control of haze in Beijing Tianjin Hebei region can achieve long-term success depends on whether the innovation capabilities of Beijing and Tianjin can radiate to Hebei and inject new vitality into Hebei's industrial upgrading

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